Revive Our Hearts Podcast

A Warning to Heed

Episode Resources

Watch Nancy teach this series.

Dannah Gresh: We’re about to enter a season where we like to sing about peace on earth. But it’s easy to get discouraged when you look around and see a lot of places where there is no peace. Nancy DeMoss Wolgemuth says we need to turn to God Himself to find the peace we need.

Nancy DeMoss Wolgemuth: In the middle of an unsettled, unpeaceful, distraught world, God wants to give you rest in your soul.

Leslie: This is Revive Our Hearts with Nancy DeMoss Wolgemuth, along with Dannah Gresh. It’s Wednesday, November 27, 2019.

Dannah: Nancy, we’re gearing up for a big holiday tomorrow—at least those of us in the U.S. are.

Nancy: Yeah, those in Canada have had their Thanksgiving.

Dannah: And their turkey! And for several weeks I’ve already seen Christmas decorations in stores. Everywhere you look we’re told it’s time to be festive and have fun. But that’s not always easy this time of year, is it?

Nancy: Their is such a mixture of both during the holidays, isn't it. We have the joy, the festivities, the fun. But the holidays can be really hard. They can be stressful. They can remind us of difficult relationships. Even now as I have this scratchy throat, I'm realizing that sometimes the weather changes and whatever can hit us, too.

Here's the think, the holidays can also remind us of loss. I'm thinking of a precious woman named Janet that our team met recently. And our heart is breaking for her. She’s facing her first Thanksgiving and Christmas season without her husband.

Dannah: Janet's husband when to the doctor for outpatient surgery last year. It seemed like a routine procedure, but there were unexpected complications.

Janet: It was a two-hour outpatient surgery that went really well. But three weeks later, he became dizzy one night and passed out. And just a few minutes later, he was gone.

Dannah: All this year, it seemed like the series on Revive Our Hearts were tailor-made to encourage Janet.

Janet: The ones around Easter time with Mark Vroegop regarding lament. And then all of the "You Can Trust God to Write Your Story" . . . this is a very different story than I expected to be in right now. To be in teaching and the podcast as well as the real-life stories have ministered to my heart in a way that I'm so, so grateful for.

Dannah: And God used one of Nancy’s classic books to help Janet walk through this season.

Janet: Choosing Gratitude was actually the first resource I went to. I pulled the Choosing Gratitude book out to be reminded of some of the stories at a time when something very unexpected happened. It is a choice that we are given.

Dannah: As she faces a new season of life, Janet isn’t focused on herself and her pain. Instead, she wants to use this as an opportunity to serve others. That includes exploring the Revive Our Hearts Ambassador program.

Janet: I got information today about possibly becoming an Ambassador in our state. Currently, we don't have an Ambassador. So I'm seeing if that is a direction in which God would lead. It will be a matter of prayer in the next coming days.

Nancy: Wow, thank you Lord, for letting us be part of Janet’s story. Do you know that if you have prayed for Revive Our Hearts and if you’ve supported this ministry financially, you’re a part of this story? Without the support of listeners like you, we wouldn’t have been able to walk with Janet through this time of loss. And without that support, we wouldn’t be able to help Janet find new areas of ministry in this next season of life.

There are so many women like Janet facing impossible situations, and we want to be there for them. But we can’t do that without friends like you who pray for this ministry and who support it financially.

Would you let God use you to write a story? Visit ReviveOurHearts.com to find out how you can play a role in meeting some significant needs we're facing here at the end of the year. 

Dannah: I love how Janet has chosen to be grateful through this difficult year. She’s lifted her eyes off her tragic circumstances and focused on God’s goodness. That’s what Nancy is about to help all of us do as she continues in the series “Oh Come! Worship & Warning in Psalm 95.”

Nancy: I hope you’re having a great Thanksgiving week and that you’re making preparations for tomorrow and for whatever you have in store for the weekend. I pray that it will be a sweet time.

And even if you are carrying heavy burdens on your heart or facing some things that are a little discouraging to you. maybe some things you’re not looking forward to. I hope that our meditation in Psalm 95 early this week has been lifting your heart and encouraging you to worship the Lord and give thanks to Him regardless of what season or situations you may be facing.

We’re looking at Psalm 95, and we’re going to wrap up our meditation of Psalm 95 today. We could actually take a week on just the passage we’re going to look at today! I’m just going to skim the surface. There’s lots more we could say. Maybe someday we’ll do a whole series on this particular paragraph.

We’ve looked already at the call to worship in the first two verses, this cheerful, joyful, exuberant worship beginning in verse 1: 

Oh come, let us sing to the Lord; let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation! 

Remember that word “rock,” because later in this program we’re going to hear the significance of that word that maybe you haven’t thought of as it relates to verse 1.

Verses 2–5: 

Let us come into his presence with thanksgiving [come before His face!]; let us make a joyful noise [shout joyfully] to him with songs of praise! 

Why? Verse 3: 

For the Lord is a great God, and a great King above all gods. In his hand are the depths of the earth; the heights of the mountains are his also.The sea is his, for he made it, and his hands formed the dry land.

Then in verse 6 we have a second call to worship; this time it’s a more intimate, personal, reverent sort of worship: 

Oh come, let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the Lord, our Maker! [Why?] For [because] he is our God. 

He’s not just the God of the universe, not just the God who made this world and controls it, but He’s our God. He’s our God! How amazing is that!? “And we are [His people] the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand.” That’s what we’ve looked at the last couple of days.

Now, before verse 7 even ends, we come to a sudden and what I think is a very dramatic change of tone in this psalm. The rest of this psalm almost feels like it doesn’t relate to the first half of the psalm. It feels like it doesn’t connect to everything that has preceded it. In fact, some over the years have thought these were possibly two different psalms that were just bunched together.

But the more I’ve studied, I believe they are one psalm, and it’s all part of our worship. To this point in the psalm, everything has been positive. And now, the passage seems to take a negative turn. We had a call to worship, and now we have a caution, a sober, stern warning. And, interestingly, this is not a warning to the unbelieving world, to the pagan nations around Israel, but this is a warning that is addressed straight to the face of God’s people, the ones who call Him their God, the ones who are the sheep of His hand. 

Let me read the next couple of verses, and then we’ll unpack it. So He’s our God, we are the people of His pasture and the sheep of His hand. Then in the same verse: 

Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts, as at Meribah, as on the day at Massah in the wilderness, when your fathers put me to the test and put me to the proof, though they had seen my work (vv. 7–9). 

Let me just stop there for a moment. The psalmist is introducing a history lesson.

I don’t know if you loved history, growing up, but we as God’s people need to know history! We need to know the history of God’s people; we need to remember. We need to remember our own history and the history of Scripture. Don’t skip over those Old Testament books!

When I read “Meribah” and “Massah,” did you know what that was talking about? Some of you did; I hope you did! But some of us are going, “What in the world, what language is she speaking there?” That’s because we need to know history. This is a reference to an important incident in Israel’s history. This incident, years earlier, is a cautionary tale to future generations of God’s people.

Here’s what happened. Shortly after they left Egypt (the children of Israel had been in slavery and bondage to Pharaoh for four-hundred years) God delivered them out of Egypt, took them across the Red Sea, and said, “I’m going to take you to the Promised Land.”

So now they’re God’s people. He’s rescued them; they’re happy! They have sung at the far side of the Red Sea. Miriam and the women leading the worship with tambourines.

Miriam and the women lead the worship with the tambourines, praising the Lord. This is a great time! But then they come to a place called Rephidim, and here they have a crisis of faith—their first major one since the Red Sea crossing. You find this tale, this story, this account in Exodus chapter 17.

The first verse tells that they came to “Rephidim, [and] there was no water for the people to drink.” Now, we’ve got two- to three-million Jews—including men, women and children—who have been rescued by God out of Egypt, and now here they are in the wilderness. God said, “I’m going to take you to the Promised Land,” but here they are, and there is nothing to drink. That’s a problem!

And so “the people quarreled with Moses and said, ‘Give us water to drink’” (v. 2). You can just feel the unrest building up!

And Moses said to them, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test the Lord?” (Ex. 17:2).

Moses was saying, “You’ve just seen the Lord do these miracles. You don’t think He can give you water now?” (I added that in; that wasn’t in the passage.) 

But the people thirsted there for water, and the people grumbled against Moses and said, "Why did you bring us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?” (v. 3).

So we’ve got mutiny going on here! The people are really, really mad! They’re all talking to each other, and the steam is building!

So Moses did the only thing he could do: 

[He] cried to the Lord, "What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me." And the Lord said to Moses, "Pass on before the people, taking with you some of the elders of Israel, and take in your hand the staff with which you struck the Nile, and go.

“Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb [I’m going to stand before you. You won’t see me, but I’m going to be there on the rock] and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink” (vv. 4–6).

Do we have a picture there of the cross? Jesus, the Rock of our salvation, who was smitten for us, struck for us Isaiah 53 tells us, wounded, bruised, abused for our salvation! “Strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink.” Where do we get the Living Water? We get it from Christ, the Rock of our salvation, who was smitten, struck for us! It’s a precious sight; it’s a humbling sight; it’s a holy sight!

And Moses did so, in the sight of the elders of Israel. And he called the name of the place Massah. [it’s a word that means “rebellion”] and Meribah [which means “testing” or “trial”], because of the quarreling of the people of Israel, and because they tested the Lord by saying, "Is the Lord among us or not?” (vv. 6–7).

So he named this place words that they would always remember: “This is where you tested the Lord. This is where you quarreled against the Lord. This is where you rebelled against the Lord. This is where He was struck for you so that He could provide water for you.”

In Numbers 20, near the end of the wilderness experience—forty years later—the Israelites had a similar experience at another place that was also called Meribah (that’s why it’s easy to get them a little confused; it was a different place, same name.) This time the people needed water again, but this time God told Moses to speak to the rock. In his anger, Moses struck the rock . . . and paid by not being able to go into the Promised Land.

So back to Psalm 95, verse 9, God says: 

“Your fathers put me to the test . . . though they had seen my work.” 

Boy, did the children of Israel ever see the works of the Lord . . . again and again and again! They saw the plagues in Egypt. They saw how the angel of death passed over their homes because they had the blood on the doorposts, but the firstborn in every Egyptian home was killed!

They saw judgment and salvation. They saw how they were able to walk across the Red Sea on dry ground, and then how those waters came crashing in and destroyed the Egyptian army that was chasing them in hot pursuit. Judgment and salvation. They saw the works of the Lord. They saw the Lord provide food; they saw Him provide water.

They saw His works but, according to verse 10, they did not know His ways, and they hardened their hearts against the One whose works they had seen! So God says in verse 10, “For forty years I loathed that generation.” It’s a word that means that He was disgusted with them. This was repulsive to Him, what they had done.

And [I, God] said, "They are a people who go astray in their heart, and they have not known my ways." Therefore I swore in my wrath, "They shall not enter my rest” (vv. 10–11). 

What was the rest being talked about in the Old Testament that was promised for the children of Israel? It was the Promised Land! It was Canaan.

And God says, “This whole generation that has whined and complained and not trusted Me and put Me to the test over and over again . . . and I’ve provided for them, and they still don’t believe Me. I’m done! They’re not going into the Promised Land! You and your children are going to die in the wilderness!”

And over the course of forty years, all those who were of adult age when they came out of Egypt, they all died—thousands of funerals a day for those forty years! God is serious about faith and obedience and following Him! They were not allowed to enter the “rest” of the Promised Land.

And so, what does God say to His people today? 

“Today, if you hear his voice [not back then, but today] . . .” The psalmist was saying this years after the Israelites had been through this experience: “Remember what happened to them. “[Now] today, if you hear his voice do not harden your hearts [as they did]” (Ps. 95:8–9).

Today! There’s a sense of urgency here! Not tomorrow! Listen to the voice of the Lord today! Don’t put it off, don’t delay.  There’s no guarantee you will have tomorrow. When God calls people to believe the gospel, to repent of their sin, to place their faith in Christ, He says, “Today, hear His voice! Do it today!” 

There are people sitting in our churches who have been listening to the preaching of God’s Word for weeks and months and years and decades, some of them, and they have never softened their hearts, to put their faith in Jesus Christ. They just think they’re riding to heaven on somebody else’s coattails. God says, “Today,” if you hear His voice, don’t harden your heart!”

One commentator talks about, “the time sensitive quality of divine grace.” It will not always be available, and you don’t know how long it will be before God says, “I’ve had it! No more chance to believe. It’s over; it’s the day of judgment!”

There’s an urgency: judgment is coming! Yet there is a means of salvation.

So God says, “If you hear His voice today, don’t harden your heart. Don’t turn back; don’t look back in your heart.” The children of Israel turned back to Egypt in their hearts. God says, “Don’t do it! Face forward! I’ve taken you out of Egypt, and I’m taking you forward into the Promised Land.”

So in 2 Corinthians 6:2 He says, “In a favorable time I listened to you, and in a day of salvation I have helped you. Behold, now is the favorable time; behold, now is the day of salvation.” Now. Today. Believe the gospel. Don’t put it off. Don’t delay!

I’m glad to see that we have some younger women here. I love talking with teenagers and high schoolers and kids and saying, “Look, you’re not too young to seek the Lord. Don’t wait until you’re grown up. Don’t wait until you’re a mom with three kids of your own. Today you seek the Lord. Seek Him while He may be found. Seek Him with all your heart!”

How thankful I am for the call of God in my life as a little girl and for parents who encouraged us: “Today, seek the Lord. Today is the day of salvation!” You may be saying, “I’m seventy years old, and I’ve never sought the Lord!” If you’re breathing, then it’s not too late! Today, seek the Lord. Don’t harden your heart. 

John chapter 10 sheds some more light on this:

The sheep hear [the Shepherd’s] voice and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them . . . the sheep follow him, for they know his voice (vv. 2, 4).

 Jesus said:

“I am the good shepherd . . . I know my own and my own know me, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for the sheep” (vv. 11, 14–15).

You can trust a Shepherd who would do that for you!

“And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. [That’s us in this room!] I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. . . . My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me” (vv. 16, 27).

Some of you are thinking, “What in the world is all this about? You’ve got sheep, and you’ve got a shepherd, and sheep listening to His voice, and we are His sheep and the sheep of His pasture.” It all seems a little weird in our culture, which isn’t much into sheep and shepherding. But these were a precious visual, familiar images to people in the day of Scripture.

But let me just say this, when He says, “Today hear His voice; His sheep hear His voice . . .” When you see that word “hear” in the Scripture, and “listen,” it’s not just talking about physical hearing. “Hear the Word of the Lord.” In Scripture, “hearing His voice” or “hearing His Word” implies a response to what you’ve heard physically. It’s a response of your heart; it’s a response of faith; it’s a response of obedience.

So when God says over and over again in the Old Testament, “My people would not listen to Me!” What does He mean? He’s not saying they went like this and put their hands over their ears. That’s what they did in their hearts. They heard the Word of the Lord; they knew the law of the Lord. They heard the prophets of the Lord calling them to come to Him. 

We hear the Word of the Lord; you’re hearing it today. You hear it on Christian radio; you hear it on Christian podcasts; you hear it week after week in your church. But God says, “Today hear His voice!” 

Don’t just say, “Oh, I’ve grown up around the Word being read and the Word being taught.” The Israelites heard God’s instruction, His direction, and His Word at Meribah and at Massah, but they did not heed it. They didn’t believe it. They didn’t obey it. They didn’t appropriate it as their own. 

So, today, “If you hear His voice . . .” Have you ever really listened to the Word of the Lord? Have you ever really listened to the call of the Lord in your life? Have you ever listened to His call of salvation? If you hear His voice . . .

Probably Psalm 95, this last paragraph we’ve been looking at today, is quoted more times and in greater breadth in the New Testament than any other single passage!

Hebrews 3 and 4 is filled with Psalm 95, especially the last paragraph of Psalm 95, verses 7–11. And, in fact, in Hebrews 3:7–11 (interestingly, even though there were no verse numbers in the original Scriptures) this will help you remember if you want to know where to find Psalm 95:7–11 in the New Testament, you go to Hebrews 3:7–11.

Let me read Hebrews 3:7–11, and you’ll think I’m reading Psalm 95. “Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says . . .” God is saying this was the Holy Spirit who said this in the Old Testament; this wasn’t just Moses or David or a psalmist. It was the Holy Spirit speaking. It’s another evidence of the belief that the Old Testament is the fully inspired Word of God.

As the Holy Spirit says, "Today, if you hear his voice,do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the wilderness, where your fathers put me to the test and saw my works for forty years. Therefore I was provoked with that generation, and said, ‘They always go astray in their heart; [and] they have not known my ways.’ As I swore in my wrath, ‘They shall not enter my rest.’”

This “Today if you hear his voice” I’ve got it circled and highlighted in my Bible so it stands out to me. Verse 7 and 8, “Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts.” Go down to verse 15 of Hebrews 3: “Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion.” And then look at chapter 4, beginning in verse 3: “As I swore in my wrath,‘They shall not enter my rest.’”

He’s repeating it. “You just said that! Why are you saying that again?” 

[God:] “Because you need to hear it again! Because you haven’t heard My voice yet. You’re still hardening your hearts.” 

And again, verse 5 in this passage, He said: “They shall not enter my rest.” Two verses later, He’s repeating it. This is a stern, earnest warning.

And then, look down at verse 7 of chapter 4, “‘Today,’ saying through David so long afterward, in the words already quoted, ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts.’” What’s all this about? I mean, the children of Israel hardened their hearts in the wilderness. They didn’t heed the word of the Lord.

Instead of hearing the word of the Lord, they hardened their hearts; they tested Him; they rebelled against Him; they didn’t believe Him; they were disobedient. And what’s God’s Word saying here in Hebrews? What happened to them in the wilderness? Where God said, “Forty years and you’re done! Your children will go into the Promised Land, but you’re going to die here in the wilderness.”

What happened to the Israelites in the wilderness is intended to be a warning to us. To us! Their hearts were hardened. They did not hear His voice; they did not follow His voice. What happened to them can happen to us! Our hearts can be hardened.

In fact, I believe that the writer to the Hebrews here is talking particularly to people who have been around the things of God. They can talk the talk. They know the language. They make the profession, but their hearts have never been changed. They’re fakes—and maybe don’t even realize it—which is why he’s issuing this stern warning.

“You’ve been in church all your life; you’ve been around the things of God, but you haven’t heard the voice of God. Yes, you quote the Bible, but you haven’t heeded it. You don’t follow it; you’re not obeying it; you don’t believe it.”

So look at verse 12 of Hebrews chapter 3: “Take care, brothers . . .” Now, I think he’s talking there specifically to the people of God, but he’s saying, “Among you there are some who think they’re brothers and sisters, but they really aren’t.” So, “Take care, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart.”

At church? Somebody’s got an evil, unbelieving heart? Yes. And that doesn’t mean they’re a mass murderer or they abuse children or women. An unbelieving heart is evil. It’s the greatest evil! “. . . lest there be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart, leading you to fall away from the living God.” 

Does that mean you can lose your salvation? A lot of people think it does. No, what it’s saying here is, “You’ve gone along with the things of God; you’ve been around the things of God, but you don’t really have God! You haven’t heard and heeded His Word. There’s still this evil, unbelieving heart in you, and in time you’re going to fall away from even hanging around the people of God. You have no reason to believe that you ever were one of the people of God!”

This is a serious warning, serious language! So what do I take away from this? If you are one of His sheep, you will hear His voice. You will listen to it, and you will follow the Shepherd.

There are some who seem to be among God’s people who do not belong to Him. You can sit in church every Sunday, you can hear the preaching, you can sing the songs. But if you do not listen to His Word, believe it, and obey it in your heart, you give evidence that you have never belonged to His flock.

I see in this passage also that we need each other to help keep our hearts tender and keep them from becoming hardened, because there’s a message to true believers in this passage, too. We can become deceived by the deceitfulness of sin and our hearts can become hardened—not in the eternal sense, but in a temporal sense.

So he says, “Exhort one another every day [encourage one another], as long as it is called ‘today’ [there’s that word again!], that none of you may be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin. For we have come to share in Christ, if indeed we hold our original confidence firm to the end. As it is said [here it is again!], ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion'” (vv. 13–15).

Listen, the condition of your heart in responding to God speaking has long-lasting implications and ramifications. What does God say? 

“I was provoked with that generation, and [I] said, ‘They always go astray in their heart; they have not known my ways.’ As I swore in my wrath, ‘They shall not enter my rest’” (v. 10).

There’s an eternal rest for the people of God. It’s heaven. And those who do not ever listen to the voice of God and repent and believe the gospel will never receive that rest. But there’s a rest God has for the people of God here today. In the middle of an unsettled, unpeaceful, distraught world, God wants to give you rest in your soul! And He will, if you hear His Word and believe it!

Today, heed His Word. Hear His Word. Have a pliable, responsive heart. Because you know what the alternative is? To harden your heart, to go astray in your heart. And if you do, you will fail to experience the rest He wants to give you. 

So Psalm 95 (back to Psalm 95) is a great Thanksgiving psalm! But it’s not a very upbeat ending, is it? First half of the psalm: call to worship; second half, a stern warning. We need the worship, and we need the warning. Thank God, the invitation is still open! 

It was given to those Old Testament saints. It was given to those who read the epistle to the Hebrews, and it’s given to us who are listening to His Word today. “Today, if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts!” Don’t say, “I’ll wait until tomorrow and then I’ll respond.” If you’re hearing His voice today put your faith in Christ, repent of your sin, flee to Christ to save you!

He’s speaking to you about a relationship that needs to be made right, He’s speaking to you about an area of your conscience that needs to be cleared, He’s speaking to you about a habit or an addiction or a sinful practice that you have. He’s speaking to you about it. He’s convicting you, He’s speaking through His Word, He’s speaking in your reading of the Scripture.

He’s speaking in your conscience; He’s speaking by His Holy Spirit. Today if you hear His voice (and if you’re His sheep, you will hear His voice) do not harden your heart! Do not harden your heart. Amen.

Dannah: That’s Nancy DeMoss Wolgemuth with a sober warning. There’s nothing more important than responding to the truth when God is calling to you. I hope you’ll take some time to get real before the Lord. What do you need to do in response to the truth that you’ve just heard?

And then, we want to invite you to keep filling your mind with the truth. You’ll find that in the Bible and Nancy always is encouraging us to develop a daily time getting to know Him through his Word. If you need some help jump-starting that process, we’d like to send you a brand-new Advent devotional by Nancy.

It’s called Consider Jesus. This thirty-one day devotional will help you explore mind-blowing truths about Jesus that we find in the pages of Scripture. Imagine spending this Christmas season truly getting to know Jesus better. That’s what you can experience, and we’d like to help. We’ll send you the Consider Jesus Advent devotional when you support Revive Our Hearts with a gift of any size.

Nancy: And Dannah, let me say something about those gifts. When you donate to Revive Our Hearts, it will make a huge difference here at the end of the year. As the ministry has expanded our reach, our financial needs have also expanded. The greater the opportunities, the greater the need for support. That’s why some friends of the ministry have offered to match each gift given between now and the end of December. For the details on how to get involved at this crucial time, visit us at ReviveOurHearts.com.

Dannah: Or you can call us at 1–800–569–5959 and ask about Nancy’s Advent devotional when you make your gift.

All this week, Nancy’s been teaching about worship. On Thanksgiving Day, we’re going to experience worship. Nancy will play us some examples of worship of various styles, and we’ll spend some of Thanksgiving day just praising God for who He is. 

Nancy: And . . . depending on what your schedule and plans are tomorrow, if you are with family or friends, you may want to gather them around and say, "Let's take twenty-five minutes to listen to the Revive Our Hearts podcast and worship the Lord together. I could be a really special time on your Thanksgiving day.

Dannah: We hope you'll join us. Please be back tomorrow here on Revive Our Hearts.

Revive Our Hearts with Nancy DeMoss Wolgemuth wants to keep you focused on the truth that will set you free. The program is an outreach of Life Action Ministries.

All Scripture is taken from the ESV.

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